|Minimum Age to Make a Will||18|
|Written Document Required||Yes1|
|Nuncupative Wills (Oral)||Yes2|
|Holographic Wills (Hand-Written, Unwitnessed)||Yes|
|Number of Witnesses Required||2|
|Statutory Form for Self-Proving Affidavit||No|
Who may make wills of, and exercise testamentary powers of appointment over property
Every person eighteen years of age or over, of sound mind and memory, may by will dispose of real and personal property and exercise a power to appoint such property
What property may be disposed of by will
Every estate in property may be devised or bequeathed.
Who may receive testamentary dispositions of property; testamentary dispositions to unincorporated associations
(a) A testamentary disposition of property may be made to any person having capacity to acquire and hold such property.
(b) When a will disposes of property to an association which lacks capacity to receive such property by will because it is unincorporated and the association may become incorporated under the law of this state or of the jurisdiction in which it has its principal office, such disposition is valid despite the lack of capacity of the beneficiary if within three years after probate of the will such beneficiary becomes incorporated with capacity to take such disposition, subject to the following:
(1) This section does not limit the power of the court to give effect to the intention of the testator and to preserve dispositions for the use and benefit of unincorporated associations.
(2) In the case of a testamentary disposition of property to an unincorporated association in such manner that the estate may lawfully vest in such association, as provided in paragraph (b), at a future time, the estate shall be treated as immediately vested either in the trustee in whom any estate preceding such disposition is vested or, if there is no such precedent trust, in the personal representative of the decedent's estate as trustee, subject to any intermediate estate created by the will. The trust herein created is subject to the direction and control of the surrogate's court as if it had been created by express provision in the will. If the association is incorporated and empowered to receive the disposition, the trustee shall transfer the property disposed of to the corporation so formed, but if the association is not incorporated, the trustee shall transfer the property to such persons as are entitled thereto.
(3) If a testamentary disposition to an association is made in such manner as to take effect upon the incorporation of such association, as provided in paragraph (b), and no disposition is made of the rents, profits or other income accruing prior to such incorporation, the will shall be construed as directing the trustee described in subparagraph (2) to receive the rents, profits or other income and to hold them for the benefit of the corporation when formed or, if such corporation is not formed within the time prescribed by paragraph (b), for the benefit of the persons entitled to the property upon the failure of such disposition.
(4) Notwithstanding any other law of this state governing (A) the purposes for which trusts may be created, (B) the rule against perpetuities or (C) the accumulation of income, a trust as provided in subparagraph (2) is valid.
(5) During the continuance of any trust authorized by subparagraph (2), the unincorporated association to which the disposition is made may enforce such trust, and any such association has capacity as such, despite the fact that it is not incorporated, to exercise such right and to take such proceedings as may be appropriate for the exercise or waiver of such right or, in the manner permitted by law for renunciation by a testamentary beneficiary, to renounce the disposition. In the event of any such renunciation, the trust provided for in subparagraph (2) shall terminate and the property, including accumulations, shall vest in the persons otherwise entitled thereto as if no such disposition had been made.
(6) This section does not limit the effectiveness of 8-1.1 with respect to a disposition to which that section applies.
Execution and attestation of wills; formal requirements1
(a) Except for nuncupative and holographic wills authorized by 3-2.2, every will must be in writing, and executed and attested in the following manner:
(1) It shall be signed at the end thereof by the testator or, in the name of the testator, by another person in his presence and by his direction, subject to the following:
(A) The presence of any matter following the testator's signature, appearing on the will at the time of its execution, shall not invalidate such matter preceding the signature as appeared on the will at the time of its execution, except that such matter preceding the signature shall not be given effect, in the discretion of the surrogate, if it is so incomplete as not to be readily comprehensible without the aid of matter which follows the signature, or if to give effect to such matter preceding the signature would subvert the testator's general plan for the disposition and administration of his estate.
(B) No effect shall be given to any matter, other than the attestation clause, which follows the signature of the testator, or to any matter preceding such signature which was added subsequently to the execution of the will.
(C) Any person who signs the testator's name to the will, as provided in subparagraph (1), shall sign his own name and affix his residence address to the will but shall not be counted as one of the necessary attesting witnesses to the will. A will lacking the signature of the person signing the testator's name shall not be given effect; provided, however, the failure of the person signing the testator's name to affix his address shall not affect the validity of the will.
(2) The signature of the testator shall be affixed to the will in the presence of each of the attesting witnesses, or shall be acknowledged by the testator to each of them to have been affixed by him or by his direction. The testator may either sign in the presence of, or acknowledge his signature to each attesting witness separately.
(3) The testator shall, at some time during the ceremony or ceremonies of execution and attestation, declare to each of the attesting witnesses that the instrument to which his signature has been affixed is his will.
(4) There shall be at least two attesting witnesses, who shall, within one thirty day period, both attest the testator's signature, as affixed or acknowledged in their presence, and at the request of the testator, sign their names and affix their residence addresses at the end of the will. There shall be a rebuttable presumption that the thirty day requirement of the preceding sentence has been fulfilled. The failure of a witness to affix his address shall not affect the validity of the will.
(b) The procedure for the execution and attestation of wills need not be followed in the precise order set forth in paragraph (a) so long as all the requisite formalities are observed during a period of time in which, satisfactorily to the surrogate, the ceremony or ceremonies of execution and attestation continue.
Nuncupative and holographic wills2
(a) For the purposes of this section, and as used elsewhere in this chapter:
(1) A will is nuncupative when it is unwritten, and the making thereof by the testator and its provisions are clearly established by at least two witnesses.
(2) A will is holographic when it is written entirely in the handwriting of the testator, and is not executed and attested in accordance with the formalities prescribed by 3-2.1.
(b) A nuncupative or holographic will is valid only if made by:
(1) A member of the armed forces of the United States while in actual military or naval service during a war, declared or undeclared, or other armed conflict in which members of the armed forces are engaged.
(2) A person who serves with or accompanies an armed force engaged in actual military or naval service during such war or other armed conflict.
(3) A mariner while at sea.
(c) A will authorized by this section becomes invalid:
(1) If made by a member of the armed forces, upon the expiration of one year following his discharge from the armed forces.
(2) If made by a person who serves with or accompanies an armed force engaged in actual military or naval service, upon the expiration of one year from the time he has ceased serving with or accompanying such armed force.
(3) If made by a mariner while at sea, upon the expiration of three years from the time such will was made.
(d) If any person described in paragraph (c) lacks testamentary capacity at the expiration of the time limited therein for the validity of his will, such will shall continue to be valid until the expiration of one year from the time such person regains testamentary capacity.
(e) Nuncupative and holographic wills, as herein authorized, are subject to the provisions of this chapter to the extent that such provisions can be applied to such wills consistently with their character, or to the extent that any such provision expressly provides that it is applicable to such wills.
[Reference - New York Requirements for a Will]
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