Oklahoma Intestacy Laws
Oklahoma Intestacy Laws
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Oklahoma's Intestacy Laws

If you die without a valid will while residing in the State of Oklahoma, you are said to have died "intestate."  In order to determine who will receive your property if you die intestate, the State of Oklahoma has established a number of laws (known as "intestacy laws" or "laws of intestate succession.") The primary statutes comprising these intestacy laws, or laws of intestate succession, are set forth below. For a more complete list, see Oklahoma Intestacy Laws | Intestate Succession statutes.

 

§84‑2. All property of intestate subject to debts.

When a person dies intestate, all his property, real and personal, without any distinction between them, is chargeable with the payment of his debts, except as otherwise provided in this code and under civil procedure.
 
 

§84‑212.  Property of intestate passes to heirs subject to control of court and possession of administrator.

The property, both real and personal, of one who dies without disposing of it by will, passes to the heirs of the intestate, subject to the control of the district court, and to the possession of any administrator appointed by that court for the purpose of administration.

 

§84‑213.  Descent and distribution. 

A.  Prior to July 1, 1985, if any person having title to any estate not otherwise limited by marriage contract, dies without disposing of the estate by will, it descends and must be distributed in the following manner:

First.  If the decedent leave a surviving husband or wife, and only one child, or the lawful issue of one child, in equal shares to the surviving husband, or wife and child, or issue of such child.  If the decedent leave a surviving husband or wife, and more than one child living, or one child living and the lawful issue of one or more deceased children, one‑third (1/3) to the surviving husband or wife, and the remainder in equal shares to his children, and to the lawful issue of any deceased child, by right of representation; but if there be no child of the decedent living at his death, the remainder goes to all of his lineal descendants; and if all the descendants are in the same degree of kindred to the decedent they share equally, otherwise they take according to the right of representation:  Provided, that if the decedent shall have been married more than once, the spouse at the time of death shall inherit of the property not acquired during coverture with such spouse only an equal part with each of the living children of decedent, and the lawful issue of any deceased child by right of representation.  If the decedent leave no surviving husband or wife, but leaves issue, the whole estate goes to such issue, and if such issue consists of more than one child living or one child living, and the lawful issue of one or more deceased children, then the estate goes in equal shares to the children living, or to the child living, and the issue of the deceased child or children by right of representation.

Second.  If the decedent leave no issue, the estate goes one‑half (1/2) to the surviving husband or wife, and the remaining one‑half (1/2) to the decedent's father or mother, or, if he leave both father and mother, to them in equal shares; but if there be no father or mother, then said remaining one‑half (1/2) goes, in equal shares, to the brothers and sisters of the decedent, and to the children of any deceased brother or sister, by right of representation.  If decedent leave no issue, nor husband nor wife, the estate must go to the father or mother, or if he leave both father and mother, to them in equal shares:  Provided, that in all cases where the property is acquired by the joint industry of husband and wife during coverture, and there is no issue, the whole estate shall go to the survivor, at whose death, if any of the said property remain, one‑half (1/2) of such property shall go to the heirs of the husband and one‑half (1/2) to the heirs of the wife, according to the right of representation.

Third.  If there be no issue, nor husband nor wife, nor father, nor mother, then in equal shares to the brothers and sisters of the decedent, and to the children of any deceased brother or sister, by right of representation; if the deceased, being a minor, leave no issue, the estate must go to the parents equally, if living together, if not living together, to the parent having had the care of said deceased minor.

Fourth.  If the decedent leave no issue nor husband, nor wife, nor father and no brother or sister is living at the time of his death, the estate goes to his mother to the exclusion of the issue, if any, of deceased brothers or sisters.

Fifth.  If the decedent leave a surviving husband or wife, and no issue, and no father, nor mother, nor brother, nor sister, the whole estate goes to the surviving husband or wife.
Sixth.  If the decedent leave no issue, nor husband, nor wife, and no father or mother, or brother, or sister, the estate must go to the next of kin in equal degree, excepting that when there are two or more collateral kindred, in equal degree, but claiming through different ancestors, those who claimed through the nearest ancestors must be preferred to those claiming through an ancestor more remote.
Seventh.  If the decedent leave several children, or one child and the issue of one or more children, and any such surviving child dies under age, and not having been married, all the estate that came to the deceased child by inheritance from such decedent, descends in equal shares to the other children of the same parent, and to the issue of any such other children who are dead, by right of representation.
 
Eighth.  If, at the death of such child who dies under age, not having been married, all the other children of his parents are also dead, and any of them have left issue, the estate that came to such child by inheritance from his parent descends to the issue of all other children of the same parent; and if all the issue are in the same degree of kindred to the child, they share the estate equally, otherwise, they take according to the right of representation.
Ninth.  If the decedent leave no husband, wife, or kindred, the estate escheats to the state for the support of common schools.
 
B.  Beginning July 1, 1985, if any person having title to any estate not otherwise limited by any antenuptial marriage contract dies without disposing of the estate by will, such estate descends and shall be distributed in the following manner: 
 
1.  If the decedent leaves a surviving spouse, the share of the estate passing to said spouse is:
 
a.   if there is no surviving issue, parent, brother or sister, the entire estate, or

b.   if there is no surviving issue but the decedent is survived by a parent or parents, brother or sister:
 
(1)  all the property acquired by the joint industry of the husband and wife during coverture, and
(2)  an undivided one‑third (1/3) interest in the remaining estate, or
 
c.   if there are surviving issue, all of whom are also issue of the surviving spouse: an undivided one‑half (1/2) interest in all the property of the estate whether acquired by the joint industry of the husband and wife during coverture or otherwise, or
 

d.   if there are surviving issue, one or more of whom are not also issue of the surviving spouse: (1)  an undivided one‑half (1/2) interest in the property acquired by the joint industry of the husband and wife during coverture, and  (2)  an undivided equal part in the property of the decedent not acquired by the joint industry of the husband and wife during coverture with each of the living children of the decedent and the lawful issue of any deceased child by right of representation;

2.  The share of the estate not passing to the surviving spouse or if there is no surviving spouse, the estate is to be distributed as follows:
 
a.   in undivided equal shares to the surviving children of the decedent and issue of any deceased child of the decedent by right of representation, or
 
b.   if there is no surviving issue, to the surviving parent or parents of the decedent in undivided equal shares, or
 
c.   if there is no surviving issue nor parent, in undivided equal shares to the issue of parents by right of representation, or
 
d.   if there is no surviving issue, parent, nor issue of parents, but the decedent is survived by one or more grandparents or issue of any grandparent, half of the estate passes equally to the paternal grandparents if both survive, or to the surviving paternal grandparent, or to the issue of any paternal grandparent if both paternal grandparents are deceased, the issue taking equally if they are all of the same degree of kinship to the decedent, but if of unequal degree those of more remote degree take by representation and the other half passes to the maternal relatives in the same manner; but if the decedent is survived by one or more grandparents or issue of grandparents on only one side of the family, paternal or maternal, the entire estate shall pass to such survivors in the manner set forth in this subsection, or
 
e.   if there is no surviving issue, parent, issue of parents, grandparent, nor issue of a grandparent, the estate passes to the next of kin in equal degree;
 
3.  If the decedent leaves no spouse, issue, parent, issue of parents, grandparent, issue of a grandparent, nor kindred, then the estate shall escheat to the state for the support of the common schools; and  
 
4.  For the purpose of this section, the phrase "by right of representation" means the estate is to be divided into as many equal shares as there are surviving heirs in the nearest degree of kinship and deceased persons in the same degree who left issue who survive the decedent, each surviving heir in the nearest degree receiving one equal share and the equal share of each deceased person in the same degree being divided among his issue in the same manner.  The word "issue" means lineal descendants.
 
 

[Reference - Oklahoma's Intestacy laws]

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